A multi-framework component for responsive, high-performance images using image CDNs with no build step.


  • Just an <img> tag! No extra elements, no runtime JavaScript. Easy to style. No legacy hacks or workarounds.
  • Automatically generates correct srcset and sizes attributes for responsive images.
  • Handles responsive resizing of images, preserving aspect ratio and avoiding layout shift.
  • Uses native lazy loading and async decoding for offscreen images.
  • Handles different image layouts: fixed, constrained and full width.
  • Uses eager loading and high priority fetching for important images.
  • Delivers modern image formats, including WebP and AVIF if supported by the browser.
  • No build step or server-side rendering required for the images: uses your existing image CDN or CMS, with no additional configuration.
  • Uses unpic to support most image CDNs and CMSs, including Cloudinary, Imgix, Contentful and Shopify.
  • Can generate a low-res background image for a blurred placeholder effect, or use with @unpic/placeholder for more options.


For details of usage, see the individual framework packages.


Why do I need this?

While it’s easy to use an <img> tag for images, if you want to follow best practices and deliver the most performant image to your users then it can take a lot of work. Some frontend frameworks will automate this for you, but they often rely on slow pre-rendering of images, or on running image optimizers on your own site. They also generate complex HTML with wrappers and spacer elements that make images hard to style.

Most images on modern websites are hosted on a CDN or CMS that can resize images on the fly and deliver them at the edge. Despite this, most web frameworks will still download and resize the image at build time or on your server, rather than using the CDN, or just uses a single source image rather than handling multiple resolutions.

This library works with any frontend framework or none, and uses your existing image CDN or CMS, with no additional configuration.

For more details, see this post.

How does this work?

This library uses unpic to detect the image CDN, and then uses the CDN’s URL API to resize and format images. It then generates the correct srcset and sizes attributes for the image. It uses new features built into modern browsers to handle lazy loading, fetch priority and decoding. It also uses pure CSS to handle responsive resizing of images, preserving aspect ratio and avoiding layout shift. Unlike most other image components, it does not use any client-side JavaScript by default, and generates just a single <img> tag without any wrapper divs or padding elements.

What HTML does this generate?

Generated HTML for a constrained image It turns this:

…into this:

  sizes="(min-width: 800px) 800px, 100vw"
    https://cdn.shopify.com/static/sample-images/bath.jpeg?crop=center&amp;width=1600&amp;height=2133 1600w,
    https://cdn.shopify.com/static/sample-images/bath.jpeg?crop=center&amp;width=1280&amp;height=1707 1280w,
    https://cdn.shopify.com/static/sample-images/bath.jpeg?crop=center&amp;width=1080&amp;height=1440 1080w,
    https://cdn.shopify.com/static/sample-images/bath.jpeg?crop=center&amp;width=960&amp;height=1280   960w,
    https://cdn.shopify.com/static/sample-images/bath.jpeg?crop=center&amp;width=828&amp;height=1104   828w,
    https://cdn.shopify.com/static/sample-images/bath.jpeg?crop=center&amp;width=800&amp;height=1067   800w,
    https://cdn.shopify.com/static/sample-images/bath.jpeg?crop=center&amp;width=750&amp;height=1000   750w,
    https://cdn.shopify.com/static/sample-images/bath.jpeg?crop=center&amp;width=640&amp;height=853    640w
        object-fit: cover;
        max-width: 800px;
        max-height: 600px;
        aspect-ratio: 1.33333 / 1;
        width: 100%;